The bee's main food
Bee bread is made up of pollen, honey and enzymes which is used to feed bee larvae. This food is loaded with protein and carbohydrates. As well as many vitamins and ferments to provide the larvae with everything they need. During the season, the foragers collect the pollen on different flowers and store it in the cells where we can distinguish layers of several colors of pollen. It also happens to see alveoli filled with a single sort of pollen (monofloral). In the first hours, bacteria such as Pseudomonas, Lactobacillus and Saccharomyces yeasts develop.
The transformation is done in three steps.
First of all, the Pseudomonas microorganisms consume the oxygen contained in the pollens. Streptococcus bacteria along with yeasts consume oxygen and lead to asphyxiation and suppression of its components.
The second phase corresponds in the absence of oxygen to the growth of bacteria of the Lactobacillus type which uses carbohydrates as a source of oxygen to produce lactic acid which will gradually increase by 3%. This will have the effect of reducing the pH of the composition. This will promote the sterilization of the bee bread.
The third stage involves the aerobic growth of the Saccharomyces yeasts which, by nibbling the rest of the carbohydrate, will allow the final fermentation of the pollen. Aerobiosis and anaerobiosis is possible thanks to the thin layer of honey deposited by the bees covering the top of the cell. When the three stages are completed around 15 days. Bee bread becomes a practically sterile product.
Source: Apitherapy, Chevtchik 1950, bread and Maugenet 1966
How to recognize it!
It's easy pollen is dull in the cells while bee bread with the thin layer of honey that the bees deposit gives a shiny side to the cells. It is the specific food of our bees, which is why we take such protein food. I refuse, not only for an ethical question. But simply out of concern for the well-being of our bees.
Every year and in many reports, we are shown the decline of bees. We shout loud and clear that the bees are dying with all their might. But we squeeze our bees like lemons to extract the slightest product from the hive to make a profit.
Let me explain :
Not to mention the bee bread which deprives the hive of the essentials, there is the pollen collected using a pollen trap, the royal jelly collected by practicing excessive queen rearing and when the royal cells come to term, that is to say three days just before the cells close, they are harvested and everything is passed through a centrifuge to extract the royal jelly on one side and on the other have released the queen larvae to waste.
If I came to your house at mealtime and took the starter, 2/3 of the main course, leaving the dessert to you and I repeated the operation at each meal. The result would be that after a while you would be in nutritional deficiency and the drop in immune defenses and the door open to disease.
I think the same goes for our bees, by dint of taking their essential foods for their good development, this gradually weakens their health capitals and we open the door to diseases. This only engages me. But it seems important to me to put common sense into our beekeeping practice. What I strive to do on a daily basis by refusing to take their food.